加入收藏 | 设为首页 |

高校扩招对婚姻市场的影响:剩女?剩男?

婚姻 时间:2020-12-14 浏览:
Abstract :This paper evaluates the impact of Chinese college enrollment's expansion to the marriage market. The policy from 1999 has rapidly increased higher education's scale and female students ratio,with noticeable lower marriage ra

高校扩招对婚姻市场的影响:剩女?剩男?

Abstract:This paper evaluates the impact of Chinese college enrollment's expansion to the marriage market. The policy from 1999 has rapidly increased higher education's scale and female students ratio,with noticeable lower marriage rates since. We hypothesize that a) a postponed entry into marriage markets shortens the searching time and enhances failure rates;b) a shift to female-dominant higher education system increases matching difficulties under traditional assortative mating;and c) higher income for women reduces the potential benefits from marriages. Difference-in-difference analysis of census and urban survey between 2000 and 2009 suggest a significantly negative association of college expansion with marriage markets.

[1] Abramitzky, R., A. Delavande, and L. Vasconcelos, “ Marrying Up: The Role of Sex Ratio in Assortative Matching”, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,2011,3 (July),124—157.

[2] Angrist, J., and A. Krueger, “ Does Compulsory School Attendance affect Schooling and Earnings?”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1991,106, 979—1014.

[3] Becker, G., “A Theory of Marriage”,NBER Working Paper. No. 2970,1974.

[4] Becker, G., “Human Capital:A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education”, University of Chicago Press, 1975.

[5] Bertrand, M., “Career, Family and the Well-Being of College-Educated Women”, American Economic Review Papers & Proceedings, 2013,May.

[6] Bertrand, M., C. Goldin, and L. Katz, “Dynamics of the Gender Gap for Young Professionals in the Financial and Corporate Sectors”, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,2010,2 (July), 228—255.

[7] Boschini, A., C. Hakanson, A.Rosen, and A. Sjogren, “Trading off or Having it All? Completed Fertility and Mid-Career Earnings of Swedish Men and Women”, Working Paper, Stockholm University,2011.

[8] Cai, F., “Over Education or Over Employment?”,Cai Jing, 2014, May 12.(in Chinese)

[9] Card, D., “The Causal Effect of Education on Earnings”, in Ashenfelter, O., and D. Card(eds.), Handbook of Labor Economics Volume 3A. Amsterdam: Elsevier,1999.

[10] Choo, E., and S. Aloysius, “Who Marries Whom and Why?”, Journal of Political Economy, 2006,114(1), 175—201.

[11] Currie, J., and E. Moretti, “Mother's Education and the Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital: Evidence from College Openings”, The Quarterly Journal of Economics,2003,118 (4), 1495—1532.

[12] DiNardo, J., and D. Lee, “Program Evaluation and Research Design”, Handbook of Labor Economics. Vol.4A. North Holland is an imprint of Elsevier,2011.

[13] Goldin, C., and C. Rouse, “Orchestrating Impartiality: The Impact of'Blind'Auditions on Female Musicians”, The American Economic Review, 2000, 90(4)(Sep.), 715—741.

[14] Goldin, C., and L. Katz, “The Power of the Pill: Oral Contraceptives and Women's Career and Marriage Decisions”, Journal of Political Economy, 2002, 110(4)(August), 730—770.

[15] Goldin, C., L. Katz, and I. Kuziemko, “The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap”, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2006,20(4)(Fall), 133—156.

[16] Goldstein, J., and K. Catherine, “Marriage Delayed or Marriage Forgone? New Cohort Forecasts of First Marriage for U.S. Women”, American Sociological Review,2001, 66(4),506—219.

[17] Isen., A., and B. Stevenson, “Women's Education and Family Behavior: Trends in Marriage, Divorce and Fertility”, NBER Working Paper, No. 15725, 2010.

[18] Lefgren, L., and F. McIntyre, “The Relationship between Women's Education and Marriage Outcomes”, Journal of Labor Economics, 2006,24 (4) (October), 787—830.

[19] Liu, Q., “ Can We Have it All? Marriage and the Returns to Education in Sweden”, Working Paper, Uppsala University,2009.

[20] Liu, Q., and O.Nordstrom Skans, “The Duration of Paid Parental Leave and Children's Scholastic Performance”, The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 2010, 10(1),1—35.

[21] Lleras-Muney, A., “The Relationship between Education and Adult Mortality in the United States”, NBER Working Paper No. 8986, 2002.

[22] Lochner, L., and E.Moretti, “The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports”, American Economic Review,,2004, 94(1)(Mar), 155—189.

[23] Schwartz, C., and R.Mare, “Trends in Educational Assortative Marriage from 1940 to 2003”, Demography, 2005,42, 621—646.

[24] Wang, J., Y. Zhou, Y. Gao, N. Dong, L.Liu, and X.Yang, “Review of Investigative Analysis of Disabled Children from 1993—200 in the Province of Heilongjiang”, Chinese Journal of Family Planning, 2006, 3, 157—160. (in Chinese)

[25] Wu, Y., “Search for Archimedes'Lever:Is Quarter-of-Birth Really a Weak Instrumental Variable?”, China Economic Quarterly, 2010, 9(2), 661—686.(in Chinese)

[26] Wu, Y., and Q. Zhao, “Higher Education Expansion and Employment of University Graduates”, Economic Research Journal, 2010, 9, 93—108.(in Chinese)

[27] Zheng, Y., and G. Geng, “Health Care during Pregnancy for Elder Aged Pregnancy”, Chinese Journal of Practical Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2006,22(10), 743—745. (in Chinese)

[1] 阮荣平, 刘力, 郑风田. 人力资本投资:宗教信仰重要吗?[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2016, 15(4): 1329-1350.

[2] 余向荣. 人力资本形成中的家庭纽带与社会互动[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2015, 14(1): 51-64.

[3] 刘伟,张鹏飞,郭锐欣. 人力资本跨部门流动对经济增长和社会福利的影响[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2014, 13(2): 425-442.

[4] 马双,甘犁. 最低工资对企业在职培训的影响分析[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2014, 13(1): 351-372.

[5] 冯晓,朱彦元,杨茜. 基于人力资本分布方差的中国国民经济生产函数研究[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2012, 11(2): 559-594.

[6] Thomas G.Rawski. 人力资源与中国长期经济增长[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2011, 10(4): 1153-1186.

[7] 张自然. 考虑人力资本的中国生产性服务业的技术进步[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2011, 10(1): 153-168.

[8] 吴延兵,刘霞辉. 人力资本与研发行为-基于民营企业调研数据的分析[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2009, 8(4): 1567-1590.

[9] 金戈. 中国教育补贴率的变动趋势-基于教育个人收益率的分析[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2009, 8(3): 1083-1106.

[10] 林毅夫,张鹏飞. 适宜技术、技术选择和发展中国家的经济增长[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2006, 5(4): 985-1006.

[11] 刘培林,谭永生. 发展的机制-《发展经济学-从贫困到富裕》述评[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2006, 5(3): 973-984.

[12] 郭继强. 人力资本投资的结构分析[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2005, 4(3): 689-706.

[13] 岳昌君. 教育对个人收入差异的影响[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2004, 3(s1): 135-150.

[14] 杨立岩,王新丽. 人力资本、技术进步与内生经济增长[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2004, 3(4): 905-918.

[15] 刘国恩,WILLIAM H.DOW,傅正泓,JOHN AKIN. 中国的健康人力资本与收入增长[J]. 经济学(季刊), 2004, 4(1): 101-118.